A Final Twenty-four Hours of Public Comment on Net Neutrality

A Final Twenty-four Hours of Public Comment on Net Neutrality
Image [CC] EFF Photos

Do you have a point of view on Net Neutrality?

Let me ask that another way… Do you get a thrill out of discovering tiny, niche web boutiques, with the most amazing selection of that thing you love? Do you dance through your day to an Internet radio soundtrack that, like, totally gets who you are because you’ve been teaching it the artists you can’t live without for years, and now it knows to never play that song that was his favorite ever again? Do you love not going into a panic that your evening commute is totally hosed and you’re going to miss the season finale of your favorite TV show ’cause you know you can just replay it with your number one online streaming service? Do you dig listening to your favorite geeky foodie and his latest audio podcasts? Are you amazed you’re actually learning to play guitar with a video podcast? Are you thrilled you can phone friends around the country or around the world – affordably! — with an IP phone service? Did you find the one-and-only love of your life on an online dating service? More than one? (Go, you!)

Do you enjoy the Internet you’re using today? Then you probably should have a point of view on Net Neutrality, and it might look something like this:

You know, the Internet should really be a level playing field for everybody – start-up companies on a shoe-string budget and mega-corporations, alike. And really, it just doesn’t make any sense to have fast lanes, or to block, or slow, or otherwise mess with the signals of competing sites or service providers. Because of that, the Internet should probably be treated as a common carrier under Title II, which pretty much spells that out, verbatim, saying common carriers cannot “make any unjust or unreasonable discrimination in charges, practices, classifications, regulations, facilities, or services.”

Boom.

The folks who provide you with Internet services — i.e. your cable company, your phone company, your wireless phone company — are arguing that such provisions would impact their investment in new broadband capacity (and investment in their companies on Wall Street, and presumably the American way of life). This argument is false on its face — it’s not as though they’ve collectively made updates to their services that weren’t of absolute competitive necessity. More, it’s wrong in that it gets the cause and the effect reversed. It’s not service providers that create the impetus or demand for increased speed or capacity, but innovative new applications that do. The cycle actually looks something like this:

Sure, they should probably upgrade their networks – add more peering capacity upstream to better rebalance and distribute the bits that popular apps are streaming through their network — but mostly ISPs don’t bother and instead just take the money.
  1. Innovative company bootstraps some new sort of applications nobody’s ever even thought of before (e.g. Yahoo! or YouTube, Netflix or Pandora, Facebook or Twitter… you get the idea.)
  2. People want to use all these new apps and call their ISPs to upgrade their broadband subscription, opting for the Cable Supreme Max package with all the bits.
  3. Internet Service Providers… profit. No, really. Sure, they should probably upgrade their networks – add more peering capacity upstream to better rebalance and distribute the bits that popular apps are streaming through their network — but mostly they don’t bother and instead take the money, enjoy their profits, and occasionally try to shake down the apps that are innovating so that they can make bank on both ends.
  4. And then another innovative company creates the next new thing and we start all over again.

Instead of being honest brokers of services while offering in-kind transactions of bits and packets, instead of investing in themselves and their own carrying capacities and by so doing raising the overall capacity of our public Internet, instead of delivering innovations at the last mile of network service that could easily offer data rates of up to fifty times the service you have today, your “high speed” Internet provider has teamed up with their monopolistic pals to degrade your service and extort fees from innovative web services — those same web services and apps that make up the Internet you love.

So maybe you have a point of view, after all. Today is your last day to share it with the FCC. Be clear — be nice! — and let ‘em know exactly what you think. You can use the handy public comment form the FCC has provided here but, honestly, it’s probably broken because on this last day of comments it’s swamped. It may be more effective to send an e-mail to the inbox that the FCC has dedicated to public comment, at [email protected]. Your voice counts equally either way.

2 Comments

  1. The Internet needs to remain a level playing field for everybody – start-up companies and mega-corporations alike. It doesn’t make any sense to have fast lanes, or to block, or slow, or otherwise interfere with the signals of competing sites or service providers. The Internet should be treated as a common carrier under Title II, that common carriers cannot “make any unjust or unreasonable discrimination in charges, practices, classifications, regulations, facilities, or services.”

    Reply
  2. Religion’s Lies and Bloody History
    Humans have been afraid of everything they do not understandable since the dawn of man. Since the dawn of man we have tried to understand and explain all that we see, hear, smell, taste, feel and sometimes dream. Early humanity, made up of tribes, would seek their elders to ask for answers to incidents that occur in their lives. The tribal elders tried to explain to their concerned citizens that, “there are good gods and evil gods.” The good gods were credited for fertility, good crops and peace. The evil gods were blamed for infertility, famine and war.
    One of the common beliefs is the divine presence in nature and the reverence of the natural order in life. Spiritual growth is related to the cycles of the Earth and great emphasis is placed on ecological concerns. Pagans also worship a variety of gods and goddesses, including spirits which can represent national and local heroes as well as deceased family members. Paganism refers not only to a particular religious tradition, but also to a particular religious type. The Pagan “type” involves religions that are magical, polytheistic, and/or animistic, and often anchored in agricultural or fertility rituals. Religion is one of the forms of spiritual oppression that everywhere weighs on the masses of the people, who are crushed by perpetual toil . . . Religion is the opium of the people. Religion is a kind of spiritual gin in which the slaves of capital drown their human shape and their claims to any decent human life” (“McColman, Carl.”).
    Religious leaders evolved to into the instruments of the ruling class so a fear and reward system [Carrot and Stick] developed to help the Kings control their populations.
    A superficial observation of the subject may bring about the conclusion that religion has brought about the pain and suffering of the world but in this regard one has taken too limited a view. Religions have always been used by governments as a tool to dominate and control. Incas, Aztecs, Mayans, Egyptians, Greeks and Romans used religion to assist in the manipulation of populations (“lesmoore.”).
    The fear part of this system required a human sacrifice. The religious leader would pick the King or a family for sacrifice and the King or patriarch of the family would have to decide which family member to sacrifice. Usually, if a King was chosen to be sacrificed to the gods, the King would choose a person from the lower castes to take his place.
    Human sacrifice has been practiced in various cultures throughout history. Victims were typically ritually killed in a manner that was supposed to please or appease gods, spirits or the deceased, for example as a propitiatory offering, or as a retainer sacrifice when the King’s servants are killed in order for them to continue to serve their master in the next life (“Human Sacrifice.”).
    The patriarchs reward for his loyalty and sacrifice might be no taxes or rent on his land for a year (“Human Sacrifice.”). Moving forward to the modern era when society had shed the shackles of State run religions and our eyes opened to the advancements in science.
    A state religion (also called an established religion, state church, established church, or official religion) is a religious body or creed officially endorsed by the state. A state with an official religion, while not secular, is not necessarily a theocracy.
    State religions are official or government-sanctioned establishments of a religion, but neither does the state need be under the control of the church (as in a theocracy)
    (“State Religions.”).
    One would also think that by this time there would be an end to the blood shed needed to satisfy a god or a religion. NO!
    The European wars of religion of the 16th and 17th centuries are the classical example, often referred to simply as “the wars of religion”. Earlier (medieval) wars also frequently cited as “religious wars” include the Muslim conquests (7th to 19th centuries) and the Christian military excursions against the Muslim conquests, including the Crusades (11th to 13th centuries), the Spanish Reconquista (8th to 15th centuries), the Ottoman wars in Europe (15th to 19th centuries) and the Ottoman-Safavid Wars (“Religious war”).
    The Christians, Muslims and Jews use religion and GOD like a weapon. GOD and Religion are used to justify wars, torture and the murder of infidels. The most common tool/phrase to use is, “GOD will destroy you because”, “GOD hates same sex couples,” “you are not of my religion”, or, “of your counter culture lifestyle”. Religion is used to lie to weak minded people, to force a lifestyle on a majority and to stop the progress of science. All three major religions lie to the faithful and have the blood of the unfaithful on their hands.
    The Jews were and are the smallest and the most abused of the three religions. Jews have the longest history of being abused for their religion; starting with Babylon,
    The Babylonians swept down upon Jerusalem in 597 B.C. and captured it. A second attack led to Jerusalem’s second defeat in 586 B.C. Captives from both campaigns were taken to Babylonia to mark the captivity of the Southern Kingdom (“The Destruction of Jerusalem.”).
    Then Rome,
    The Roman legions surrounded the city and began to slowly squeeze the life out of the Jewish stronghold. By the year 70, the attackers had breached Jerusalem’s outer walls and began a systematic ransacking of the city. The assault culminated in the burning and destruction of the Temple that served as the center of Judaism. (“Josephus Flavius.”).
    Then the Arab/Muslims,
    The Muslim imperialist, colonialist, bloody conquest and subjugation of Palestine began with a battle, the August 20, 636, battle of Yarmk (it is believed that 75,000 soldiers took part). Beginning in July 637, the Muslims began a siege of Jerusalem which lasted for five months before Jerusalem fell in February 638 (“Richard C. Csaplar, Jr.”).
    Then Hitler’s Nazi Germany killed over 6,000,000 Jews.
    What is clear is that the genocide of the Jews was the culmination of a decade of Nazi policy, under the rule of Adolf Hitler. After the Nazi party rise to power, state-enforced racism resulted in anti-Jewish legislation, boycotts, “Aryanization,” and finally the “Night of Broken Glass” pogrom, all of which aimed to remove the Jews from German society (“United States Holocaust memorial Museum”).
    The Jews earliest bible was very different from what it is today, because so much was lost during their captivity under the Babylonians. (“The Destruction of Jerusalem.”). The Jews had powerful kings once upon a time like David who slew Goliath.
    David was the ultimate Jewish leader. He was courageous and strong in war, as well as an intelligent statesman. He was a faithful friend and an inspiring leader. He was skillful at playing musical instruments and gifted in his ability to write Psalms (Tehilim) or songs of praise to God. (“Lisa Katz”).
    They raped, murdered and conquered all in the name of their god. King David was one of the most ruthless Kings in the Mediterranean history, . Loved by the Jews. Reviled by everyone else.
    The Christians compete with themselves to see who can kill the most people in the world, all in the name of GOD. The Christians have about a two hundred year bloody head start [from about 500AD to 700AD] on the Muslims but they are catching up fast. The Christians for their first three hundred years were persecuted in the worst way possible.
    Persecution of Christians can be traced historically from the time of Jesus in the first
    Century to the present time. Early Christians were persecuted for their faith at the hands of both Jews from whose religion Christianity arose and the Roman Empire which controlled much of the land across which early Christianity was distributed. Early in the fourth century, the religion was legalized by the Edict of Milan, and it eventually became the State church of the Roman Empire (“Persecution of Christians.”).
    Christians were fed to the lions for entertainment, slaughtered by Romans for sport and enslaved for their beliefs. Between 300 AD and 500 AD, the Christians enjoyed peace, prosperity and growth for the first time in Christian history. During this time the Christians had their first Christian Roman Emperor, Constantine.
    Emperor Constantine I is often credited with converting the Roman Empire to Christianity. In fact, though he ended the persecution of Christians and eventually converted, some historians debate the true nature of his faith (“Constantine the Great Rules.”).

    By 500 AD the Christians had grown strong enough to challenge the rest of the Pagan world for religious converts. The Catholic Church was formed by Emperor Constantine’s successor and was then the only form of Christianity, until the Protestant reformation in the 1600’s.
    In 1517 a German theologian and monk, Martin Luther, challenged the authority of the Pope and sparked the Protestant Reformation. His ideas spread quickly, thanks in part to the printing press. By challenging the power of the Church, and asserting the authority of individual conscience (it was increasingly possible for people to read the bible in the language that they spoke), the Reformation laid the foundation for the value that modern culture places on the individual. (“The Protestant Reformation.”)
    To lure Pagans into the church they had to satisfy the pagan need for a son of a god, so Jesus was promoted from a man to the son of GOD at the Council of Nicea in 325 CE.
    In a savvy move that would put today’s shrewd politicians to shame, the compromise proffered by Constantine was vague, but blandly pleasing: Jesus and God were of the same “substance,” he suggested, without delving too much into the nature of that relationship. A majority of the bishops agreed on the compromise and voted to pass the language into doctrine (“Heather Whipps.”).
    Another lure to bring Pagans into the church was to change birth and death dates to coincide with pagan holidays. An example: The Christians changed Jesus birthdate to the winter solstice [25th of December]. From about 500 CE to about 1500 CE, also known as the “Dark Ages” [Because science and the study of the stars were viewed as witchcraft and banned on pain of death], Christianity had grown very powerful during this time period.
    The ancient Greek and Roman civilizations were remarkably advanced for their time. Both civilizations made a number of contributions to human progress, notably in the areas of science, government, philosophy, and architecture. Some scholars perceive Europe as having been ‘plunged into darkness’ when the Roman Empire fell in around 500 A.D. The Middle Ages are often said to be ‘dark’ because of a supposed lack of scientific and cultural advancement (“Nate Sullivan.”)
    Powerful enough to dictate to kings, crown new kings and dethrone sitting kings. The Christian Pope became powerful enough to have his own army, the Papal army. The Pope, in the name of GOD would wield his army to achieve more power, wealth, influence or to simply keep the faithful in line. During this time the Christians beheaded, burned at the steak, drowned, tortured, murdered, pillaged and made wars upon all who would not accept Christianity as their religion.
    The Papacy has a long history of “wearing out” the saints of the Most High. Below is a timeline of the generally aggressive history of the Roman Catholic Church, but the most tragic one that concerns the Word of God is the persecution during the Middle Ages of anyone daring to oppose the Church (“Darryl Eberhart.”)
    At this juncture [1500’s], Christianity had broken into several offshoot sects but still called themselves Christian (“The Protestant Reformation.”). I have been told by a modern day a so called Christian (Mike Brotherton) that Catholicism was not a Christian religion at all but an evil, satin worshipping cult.
    Historically nothing is more incorrect than the assertion that the Reformation was a movement in favor of intellectual freedom. The exact contrary is the truth. For themselves, it is true, Lutherans and Calvinists claimed liberty of conscience . . . but to grant it to others never occurred to them so long as they were the stronger side. The complete extirpation of the Catholic Church, and in fact of everything that stood in their way, was regarded by the reformers as something entirely natural (“Johann von Dollinger.”)
    I was also told by these Christians that they do not have blood on their hands and all the blood is on Catholic hands. This was true to about the 1500’s, after that the blood is on their hands too. The non-Catholic Christians are responsible for atrocities that occurred here in the US against the American Indians.
    Members of one of America’s oldest Protestant churches officially apologized Friday — for the first time — for massacring and displacing Native Americans 400 years ago (“Protestant Church Apologizes for Massacring Native Americans.”).
    All of the southern States Christian preachers preached that it was a good thing to own slaves in GOD’s eyes.
    In the 1860s, Southern preachers defending slavery also took the Bible literally. They asked who could question the Word of God when it said, “slaves, obey your earthly masters with fear and trembling” (Ephesians 6:5), or “tell slaves to be submissive to their masters and to give satisfaction in every respect” (Titus 2:9). Christians who wanted to preserve slavery had the words of the Bible to back them up (“Henry G. Brinton.”)
    During the time period “1500 – 1960” the Popes’ power branched outside of Europe but not so much in North America. South America is where the Popes’ influence went and is still strong to this day. I keep hearing that “Christians are pure of heart” and “the chosen by GOD to live on into eternity.” Chosen by GOD because, “we have no blood on our hands, Christians are the true believers in Christ and GOD gave America to the Christians for their selfless sacrifices in his name.” These are of course, “lies to live by,” by the faithful, so their congregations will feel good about the sins they commit in the name of GOD. We will give rousing shouts of Halleluiahs when our ARMY kills and destroys innocent men, women and children infidels in GOD’s name. We cry foul when Muslim terrorist suicide bombers kill and destroy innocent men, women and children infidels in GOD’s name.
    The Muslims have blood on their hands too. Their start was a lot later than Jews or Christians, so they had less blood on their hands. The Muslims are trying like hell to catch up and surpass the Christians in blood, because they too wish to be loved by GOD. The Muslims got their start with Muhammad and the sacking of Jerusalem around 700 AD. The Muslim Moors then invaded southern Spain via Gibraltar and conquered all of Spain, Portugal and the southern tip of France [The Pyrenees] around 711 AD. The Muslim Moors were ruthless conquerors, but amicable and tolerant rulers to the Jews and Christians alike. The best university in the world for higher education was in a Spanish city controlled by the Muslim Moors. During this time period the Muslims believed in education for all, including the infidels. All who wanted a good education went to this city [the Christians went to this city in secret for fear of the Vatican]. Muslims thought that they were hurting the infidels of Satin when they flew those planes into the world trade centers. Some still practice piracy against the infidels on the high seas. The education gap reversed itself from their earlier days of education for all. Muslims make up for this lack of education by resorting to violence. Muslims have blood on their hands, and they are proud of it (“Richard C. Csaplar, Jr.”).
    In conclusion, although religions started out with good intentions, like everything else in this world they became corrupted by those in power. Religion became the tool of choice by the ruling class to keep their populations under control and sometimes control meant blood. Most Muslims live in non-secular countries where their religion is the main part of the political landscape. The Muslims need education for all if they ever want their religion to be respected by the rest of the world. Muslims need to forget about forced indoctrinations at the point of a gun. The Christians are just as badly indoctrinated, but a lot better educated. The Christians better education is still not enough to overcome the indoctrination and stop the flow of blood. The Christians distaste with the evils of science and technology has not hampered their zeal to acquire weapons made from science and technology. The Christians are the most powerful of the three religions and could cause the most deaths and destruction if so desired. Most Christians live in a secularly governed country where religion has no place in politics. The Jews only have one country [Israel] to work from, so defense of their country is almost fanatic. Every man, woman and child above the age of 17 is considered a soldier and required to do a minimum of three years duty in uniform. The Israelis are overly hyperactive when it comes to defense of their country; they shoot first and ask questions later. The Israelis see terrorists everywhere and will rattle their sabers at the slightest sneeze. These three religions are going to lead us to WWIII if we don’t put muzzles on the fanatics leading these religions. We only have one world, so why can’t we all get along and play nice with others, like Jesus had intended for us?
    Works Cited
    McColman, Carl. “Paganism.” Patheos Library. Patheos. 2014. 14 July 2014. Web.

    lesmoore. “Political Control of Society through Religion. The Opiate of the Masses.” Public
    Awareness Network. Alt. News Channel. 2014. 1 March, 2011. Print.

    “Human Sacrifice.” From Wikipedia. The Free Encyclopedia. 2014. 3 July 2014,

    “State Religions.” From Wikipedia. The Free Encyclopedia. 15 July, 2014. 11 July 2014.
    Print.
    “Religious War.” From Wikipedia. The Free Encyclopedia. 14 July, 2014. 6 July, 2014.
    Print.
    “The Destruction of Jerusalem.” The Story of the Bible. Bible History Online. 15 July, 2014.
    Web.
    Josephus Flavius. “The Romans Destroy the Temple at Jerusalem, 70 AD.”
    War & Military Records. Eye Witness to History.15 July, 2014. 2005.

    Richard C. Csaplar, Jr. “1,400 Years of Christian/Islamic Struggle: An Analysis.” Spiritual Life.
    The Christian Broadcasting Network. 15 July, 2014. Radio/Television
    United States Holocaust memorial Museum. “The “Final Solution.” The Holocaust: A Learning ` Site for Students. Holocaust Encyclopedia. 15 July, 2014. Museum.

    Lisa Katz. “King David” Judaism.com. Judaism. 15 July, 2014. Print.

    “Persecution of Christians.” From Wikipedia. The Free Encyclopedia. 15 July, 2014
    Print.
    “Constantine the Great Rules.” The Lost gospel of Judas. National Geographic.16 July, 2014
    Documentary.
    “The Protestant Reformation.” History. Khan Academy. 16 July, 2014. Print.

    Heather Whipps. “How the Council of Nicea Changed the World.” LiveScience. LiveScience.
    16 July, 2014. March 30, 2008. Web.
    Nate Sullivan. “The Dark Ages: Definition, History & Timeline.” Education Portal. Education
    Portal. 16 July, 2014. Web.
    Darryl Eberhart. “The Bloody History of Papal Rome—A Timeline.” Amazing Discoveries.
    Amazing Discoveries. 16 July, 2014. 26 June, 2009. Print.

    Dave Armstrong. “The Protestant Inquisition: “Reformation” Intolerance and Persecution.”
    Biblical Evidence for Catholicism. Blogspot.com. 16 July. 2014. 7 March, 2007. Blog.

    “Protestant Church Apologizes for Massacring Native Americans.” Associated press. Fox News.
    16 July, 2014. 27 November, 2009. Print.
    Henry G. Brinton. “In Civil War, the Bible became a weapon.” A Gannett company. USA
    Today. 16 July, 2014. 27 February, 2014. Print.

    This is awell researched and presented. You make an effective case for religious plurality. It is either that or destruction. Well done.
    grade: A

    Reply

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